Guatemala is domestically called Guatemala and the form of government it has is Republic.
The capital city of Guatemala is Guatemala City and boasts a population of 2.7 million.
The Guatemalan flag is is made up of three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands stand for the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and the sea and sky; the white band denotes peace and purity and is presented above.
The National symbol of Guatemala is quetzal (bird).
The National hymn of Guatemala is ""Himno Nacional de Guatemala" ("National Anthem of Guatemala")" which was composed by Rafael Álvarez Ovalle.